Garden to Kitchen, Tasty-Great Times & No Food Waste

Compost Bin No Odor Recipe

Written By Chef Yapo

DIRECTIONS
ADD
ADD as early as every 4 days, typical is 7-10 days, BUT at least once a month
When puffs of smoke emit from your pile when you TURN or HARVEST, that is good
When opening lid, pile should have visibly reduced in size since last ADD 
Layer greens on top of existing pile then layer browns on top of greens, mix some
Spray or pour water on browns until thoroughly damp/wet but without puddles
Allow airflow (keep enough distance from side slots of bin and the wall or fence)
Replace lid on bin and leave closed until next ADD or TURN

TURN
Mix/aerate bin that assists in speeding up the natural decomposition process
TURN as early as every 2 weeks, typically each quarter, BUT at least once in 6 months
Use pitch fork to TURN pile from one 3x3 space to another 3x3 space beside it
Making top of original pile the bottom of the new pile and sides to middle
ADD every time you TURN or HARVEST

HARVEST
Collect organic earth – as early as quarterly, typically twice a year… seasonally
Use sifter to collect ripe compost (aka organic earth) and keep large items in pile to stew
Let organic compost soil rest a day or two before use
Use for any organic garden, plant, tree, yard or indoor potted plants

TIPS
The smaller the items you put in, the faster you will organically generate earth
ADD more browns than greens if pile is too wet or smelling acidic
Creepy crawlers (bugs) in your bin are part of the decomposition process, let them work
No matter how neglected the bin is, it’s nature and still working, just slower, so TURN it and get back to it
Managing your compost bin is unique to your household + season, you will learn it
Outside Storage Pail/Bins
Keep at least ~20 feet away from kitchen door in low-use shaded area
Keep bins covered
Store food scraps in bins safely until ADD (storing greens will get odorous over time) 
I personally use Earth Saver & Bio-Stack Compost Bins

 
THINK ABOUT WHAT YOU ADD …
REMEMBER WHAT GOES IN, WILL BE IN WHAT COMES OUT

GREENS (nitrogen items)
Any vegetable, fruit, plant (stem, skin, seed)
Any yard scrap still green (fresh cut grass, fresh/still green leaf)
Any nitrogen (used coffee grounds, chicken poop, manure)
DO NOT ADD any meat, dairy, oil, sauces (A dab of butter/oil drizzle on any veggie is OK, rinsed with water is better, NOT excessive amounts)
DO NOT ADD succulents, pine needles, palm fronds
DO NOT ADD pet waste (ie, dog, cat)

BROWNS (carbon)
Any starch (rice, dough, pasta), staple (flour, spices), shells, seeds 
(A dab of butter or oil drizzle on rice, dough, pasta is OK, rinsed with water is better, NOT excessive amounts)
Any yard scrap dried, yellowed or browned, straw
Compostable plates, napkins, cups, skewers (preferably shredded, minimized)
Newspaper – (preferably print that is soy ink based like San Diego Union Tribune)
Egg crates, brown paper, cardboard (torn up, shredded, minimized)
DO NOT ADD plastic (though you’ll find plenty ties, clips & random tidbits)
DO NOT ADD paper with pen ink (especially if you plan to use compost for edible gardening)

STARTING NEW COMPOST BIN?
Amass enough Greens & Browns to start bin
At least enough Greens & Browns to fill area - 3’length x 3’width x 2’ height
Only ADD and TURN for first 6 to 9 months
Expect your first HARVEST based on regular ADD and TURN in 6 to 9 months
Thereafter, HARVEST up to once a quarter or time it with each planting season

ESTIMATED TIME BUDGET
20 minutes to ADD & Clean up
45 minutes to HARVEST, ADD & Clean up

TOOLS
Compost Bin 
Compost Bin requires - 3 foot space on all sides between bin and fence/wall for air flow + an adjacent 6 square foot space to TURN bin regularly
Pitch Fork, Shovel, or Tractor with scoop for windrow
Optional:  Metal Corkscrew for aerating compost bin pile
Sifter (to separate organic soil and items that need more stewing & returned to bin)
2x6 wood beam square + ¼’’ hardware cloth (ie, chicken wire) adhered to bottom
Outdoor storage pails/bins w/ lids
Indoor counter top pail w/ lid or bowl/bag for food scraps retrieval


 
No Food Waste